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Lesson from the Garden: How Do Seeds Grow?

What is a seed?

Most plants grow from seeds, which come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and textures.  Within this compact package, seeds contain everything a plant needs to grow and reproduce. Some seeds, such as grass, begin life with one leaf. These kinds of seeds are monocots. Other seeds, such as beans, begin life with two leaves. These kinds of seeds are dicots.

The outside covering of seeds is called the seed coat. It protects the baby plant, or embryo, inside the seed. The seed also contains endosperm, or a food supply, that the embryo uses to grow until the plant can manufacture its own food. In order for seeds to grow into plants, they need soil containing nutrients, water, sunlight, the right temperature, room to grow, and time. In this lesson, students will have the opportunity to observe this process for themselves.

What do living things need?

Discuss what living things need to live and thrive. They will begin with a discussion of what people need. They will compile a list that includes the following: food, water, a place to live, ways to stay warm when it is cold and cool when it is hot, and someone to care for them. They will then go through the same exercise for animals and plants. They will discover that all living organisms have similar needs. At this point, students will probably realize that seeds, which contain a baby plant, also have these same basic needs. Throughout the lesson, they will form a better understanding of this as they look inside a seed and then plant seeds and watch them grow.

Next, students will work in pairs to dissect lima bean seeds that have been soaked overnight. Using a hand lens, they observe the embryo and food supply. Then they complete a “What Are the Parts of a Seed?” worksheet, which asks them to label a diagram of a seed and write down what each part does. This section of the lesson will conclude with a review of what plants need to grow.

Now, the fun part!

Students should place one or two seeds in the hole and cover them with soil. Students are instructed to water the soil when it looks dry. They can tell when the growing plants need water by sticking their fingers one inch into the soil. If it feels dry, then watering is necessary.

Students will write down their observations on the observation sheet.

After the plants have started to sprout, go over the different parts that are emerging. Make sure that students can name these parts and describe their functions:

  • Root: Anchors the plant and takes in water and nutrients from the soil.
  • Stem: Helps support the plant.
  • Leaves: Take in light, which the plant will use to make its own food.

On their observation sheets, students should draw pictures of the growing plant, labeling each part as it emerges.

 

 

Car Washes to Benefit Grow Some Good

Get Sparkly for the Holidays

Make your vehicle sparkle in time for the holidays! Get your car or truck washed and dried, and it will be looking good for all of those holiday activities and events coming up.

December 2, 2017 9:00am – 1:00pm

December 9, 2017 9:00am – 1:00pm

Location: Ohana Fuels / Minit Stop at 85 S. Wakea Street in Kahului

Cost: $10 donation per vehicle

Your car wash donation supports Grow Some Good’s school garden programs in 12 Maui schools, with 4,500 students participating each year. These programs teach students how to build healthy soil, work with natural life cycles, learn STEM principles, and grow their own food. Through school gardens, Grow Some Good helps create a healthy community, support local agriculture, and improve access to nutritious, affordable food.

Fuel Up. Do Good.

The car washes are sponsored by Ohana Fuels’ ‘Fuel Up. Do Good’ community giving program.  From October 1st through December 31st, Ohana Fuels will generously donate a portion of all fuel sales from their Maui gas stations to Grow Some Good.

Get Tickets Here!

Car washes will be held on December 2nd and December 9th. Cost is $10 per car. What a bargain! Get yours today.

Tickets for December 2nd, 2017

Tickets for December 9th, 2017

Tickets purchased online may be redeemed either day. Tickets are also available at the event. Tickets are non-refundable.

Thank you for supporting our school garden programs!

 

Lesson from the Garden: Phototropism

What is Phototropism?

Tropism is a growth response between a plant and an external stimulus. The stimulus could be weather, touch, time, gravity or light. A positive response is indicated by growth toward a stimulus and a negative response is indicated by growth away from the stimulus. Light is a stimulus that plants respond to. This is called phototropism (photo= light).

Plants and Light

Plants usually display a positive phototropic response to light, which means they grow toward a light source. Plant hormones called auxins play a part in phototropism. Auxin is a plant growth hormone. When light is shined on one side of a plant the auxins move to the dark side of the plant. The hormones stimulate the cells on the dark side of the plant to elongate, while the cells on the light side of the plant remain the same. This elongation on one side and staying the same on the other causes the plant to bend in the direction of the light. This bending allows more light to reach more cells on the plant that are responsible for conducting photosynthesis. Wow!

Bend a Plant

You can create an experiment to see phototropism in action!

To see the effects of phototropism on a plant, make your own shoe-box maze.  You will need: a shoebox, extra cardboard, scissors, tape, and a small potted plan. Bean plants work well. Students should have an adult help with the following cutting and box building steps.

  1. Cut a large hole at one end of the shoebox. Hold the box up to the light and be sure to tape up any other spaces where light shines through.
  2. Cut two pieces of cardboard in the following sizes:
  3. First make both pieces half the width of the shoebox.
  4. Then make both pieces the same height of the shoebox.
  5. Now divide the box in thirds and tape one cut cardboard piece on the left side of the box at the one-third mark. Next, tape the other cardboard piece on the right side of the box at the two-thirds mark.

The box should look like the box shown below.

 

Place the small potted plant in the shoebox opposite the hole, make sure that it is well watered. (We started a bean in a plastic cup.)

 

 

 

Close the box, tape it, and place it in a sunny window.

 

In about 4 or 5 days open the box and notice how the plant grows in the direction of the light coming from the hole!!!

Lesson from the Garden: Can plants move?

Can plants move? Yes!

Plants have evolved adaptations that allow them to ‘move’.  Not in the sense that they uproot and walk away, but in other ways.  Plants can move toward or away from water, the sun, and in response to gravity! This is called tropism.

What is Tropism?

Definitions:

Tropism: the means by which a plant grows towards or away from stimuli

Stimuli: a thing or event that evokes/influences a functional reaction

Garden Class Activity

During class, students split up into groups and  search for examples of tropism in the garden. These include:

  • Thigmotropism: growth or movement in response to touch
  • Hydrotropism: growth or movement in response to water (towards or away from moisture)
  • Heliotropism: “sun tracking” – growth or movement in response to the sun’s location
  • Gravitropism: growth or movement in response to gravity

Once all groups have found their example, each group will share what they found and how it is a type of tropism. These might include plants growing up trellises, toward sunshine, or toward a water source. We have many vining plants in our gardens include green beans, peas, watermelon, ipu, and lilikoi, which make great examples of tropism.

Lesson from the Garden: How Plants Breathe 

See How Plants Breathe    

Fill a glass jar with water. Select a large leaf from a plant or tree nearby, drop it into the jar and screw the lid on.  Place the jar in a sunny spot. After an hour, ask students to look in the jar and report what they see inside.

What Do You See?

What would happen if we held our breath, underwater, at the pool and then let out air?

Bubbles!

As oxygen is released by the leaf in the sun, many tiny bubbles form showing photosynthesis in action. The process of photosynthesis is what allows us to see the bubbles — as the leaf releases its extra oxygen while submerged, the oxygen can be seen as bubbles in the water. As a leaf creates that energy, it needs to get rid of the items it no longer needs so it will expel both the extra oxygen during photosynthesis along with water, called transpiration.

And since oxygen is lighter than water, the bubbles will eventually rise to the surface.

Are We the Same?

Does a tree or plant breathe the same as we (humans) do? No. A plant, tree or leaf doesn’t have any lungs or respiratory system; but it is a living organism just like we are.

Fuel Up. Do Good. With Ohana Fuels

Ohana Fuels ‘Fuel Up. Do Good.’ Program to Support Grow Some Good

Grow Some Good will be the beneficiary of Ohana Fuels ‘Fuel Up. Do Good.’ program for the fourth quarter of 2017.  From October 1st through December 31st, Ohana Fuels will generously donate a portion of all gasoline sales from their Maui gas stations to the organization.

Supporting our Garden Programs

“Through this donation we can teach science, math, history, art and culture in our gardens, inspiring the next generation of farmers, chefs, teachers and scientists on Maui. With strong roots in our community, Ohana Fuels understands the importance of preparing our keiki to be future leaders. We’re excited to have the support of Ohana Fuels,” said Kathy Becklin, Executive Director of Grow Some Good.

“We are proud to have the opportunity to support the extraordinary service organizations in our community through our ‘Fuel Up.  Do Good.’ program,” said Kimo Haynes, President of Hawaii Petroleum/Ohana Fuels.  He continued, “We look forward to giving back to organizations like Grow Some Good now and in the future.”

Eight Convenient Locations on Maui

Ohana Fuels has eight locations on Maui, in Makawao, Pukalani, Lahaina, Kihei, Wailuku and Kahului. Certified as a TOP TIERTM fuel provider, Ohana Fuels meets the premier standard of gasoline for optimum performance and fuel efficiency.

Stop by one of their stations to Fuel Up. Do Good. And support Grow Some Good!

Mahalo to Ohana Fuels for your support!

Harvest Festival Fun for Keiki Farmers

Harvest Festival Fun

Keiki farmers at Kamalii Elementary School and Kihei Elementary School enjoyed a fun Harvest Festival at each of their schools. These annual events are a highlight of the school garden program, as students make and enjoy healthy snacks with fresh produce, from recipes designed to be simple, so they can be easily duplicated at home.

Chef Kevin Laut from Outrigger Pizza Company brought his portable pizza oven to Kamalii Elementary School to cook up some quick pies with the assistance of Makena Golf & Beach Club’s Executive Chef Chris Kulis. See more pictures on the Makena Golf & Beach blog.

Outrigger Pizza Company Chef Kevin Laut assists in preparing the pizzas. PC: Matthew Thayer, the Maui News.
Makena Golf & Beach Resort Executive Chef Chris Kulis helps with spreading pizza sause. PC: Makena Golf & Beach Club.
Makena Golf & Beach Resort Community Engagement Manager Leahi Hall visits with keiki. PC: Makena Golf & Beach Resort
Chefs and keiki enjoyed a wonderful morning making pizza and fresh-squeezed lemonade. PC: Makena Golf & Beach Club.

At Kihei Elementary School, Chef Travis Morrin from Fork & Salad and Three’s Bar & Grill came by to assist students with making tortilla-veggie pizzas on the grill. The results were ono-licious! See Chef Travis’ fun interview with the keiki.

Chef Travis Morrin PC: Kiaora Bohlool.
Kihei Elementary School kids enjoy the product of their work – veggie pizzas!
Chef Travis Morrin and Garden Coordinator Nadine Rasmussen.

 

Mahalo!

Thank you to the wonderful chefs who made time to come our to visit with our students!

Chef Chris Kulis, Makena Golf & Beach Club

Chef Kevin Laut, The Outrigger Pizza Company

Chef Travis Morrin, Fork & Salad and Three’s Bar & Grill

And thank you to The Maui News for this front-page piece!

 

Keeping Our Gardens Safe

Addressing the Spread of Rat Lungworm Disease and the Zika Virus

Grow Some Good and Maui School Garden Network are working together to address the spread of Rat Lungworm Disease and the Zika virus on Maui.

As recent news reports have indicated, Rat Lungworm Disease, or RLWD, has come to Maui via its predominant, intermediate host the semi-slug. According to the Rat Lungworm Working Group Facebook Page, “It is among the most serious threats to human health of all diseases carried by wildlife in Hawaii, and in many other tropical and subtropical countries around the world.” Humans can become infected by unknowingly consuming intermediate hosts, like the semi-slug, or paratenic hosts, like prawns and land crabs, that contain the infective third stage larvae. This can also occur through eating fresh produce contaminated by “slug trails” or slime containing the larvae.

The Zika virus has been reported in at least one case on Maui. This mosquito borne virus can cause birth defects and neurological disorders, and infects humans through mosquito bites. It can also be picked up from an infected person and spread via the mosquito to other humans. Most cases in the US have been reported by people who have travelled to an area where the disease is circulating, primarily Latin America. However, there have also been cases where the virus has spread from an infected human, via mosquito, to another human.

In conjunction with Maui School Garden Network, the Department of Health, Department of Agriculture and the Hawaii Island Rat Lungworm Working Group in the Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy at the University of Hawaii, Hilo, Grow Some Good is working to reduce the spread of RLWD and the Zika virus through a variety of approaches.

School Safety

Maui School Garden Network has contacted each school principal and school garden coordinator in Maui County to provide a Maui Island update on RLWD. This update includes best practices for RLWD prevention, including integrated pest management (IPM) procedures, safety precautions, and methods for disposal of slugs.

Schools have received a School Garden Safety Manual, produced by Hawaii Farm to School and the School Garden Hui. This manual covers safe growing practices and safe food handling practices.

Training School Garden Educators

School Garden coordinators across Maui have received training on several areas in the last few months, including safe food handling, preventing infection, safety precautions in handling semi-slugs and other carriers, and preventing mosquito reproduction by removing standing water around garden areas.

This training contains a set of lessons to be taught to students. It includes specific lessons on IPM, and about the Rat Lungworm lifecycle, both which meet the current curriculum science standards. Through these lessons, students can learn garden planning, pest detection, and how parasites live and grow, as we address these important community issues.

Tracking Data

More data is needed to understand the lifespan of the Rat Lungworm and its hosts and carriers. Through our network of school gardens, there is an opportunity to contribute data to current research projects.

Using safety methods recommended by the Department of Health, garden staff can safely collect and count the number of semi-slugs found in each garden, tracking factors such as region, date, moon phase and weather.  Submitting this information helps grow the database and help inform the researchers.

Public Outreach and Information

Grow Some Good is actively providing information about RLWD and the Zika virus to the public through presentations at our volunteer Work & Learn Days conducted at school gardens across Maui, and information shared in our monthly eNewsletter and Facebook page.

Community Meetings have been taking place across the island. More are scheduled soon:

  • Wednesday, April 19 – Kula Community Center – Growers and Landscapers Meeting – 6:00 pm – 7:00 pm
  • Tuesday, April 25 – Kahului – UHMC – Community Service Building by Extension Services (CTAHR)- Growers and Landscapers Meeting 5:30 pm – 7:00 pm
  • Wednesday, April 26  -Pukalani – Hannibal Tavares Community Center 5:00 pm – 7:00 pm

More Information

Please join us at a meeting in your area to learn more. For online references, please see the Hawaii State Department of Health website for information on Rat Lungworm Disease, and for more information on the Zika Virus.

A Magical Night Under the Stars

Taste of School Gardens: Growing, Knowing, Sharing

The Taste of School Gardens theme “Growing, Knowing, Sharing” showcased Grow Some Good’s programs as guests enjoyed fresh produce, grown in educational outdoor classrooms and local farms, prepared and shared by some of Maui’s best Chefs. The event raised just over $58,000, with 325 attendees coming out to support Grow Some Good.
It was a magical night – one where the delicious rewards of our school gardens were featured in the very dishes our guests enjoyed!

 

 

Taste of School Gardens demonstrates the heart of Grow Some Good’s programs – where outdoor classrooms, nutritious food and Maui’s finest chefs converge.

One of the special features at the event is the outdoor classroom area.  Here, our garden educators share real lessons used in the gardens and showcase students’ work.

 

 

Beautiful Dishes from Maui’s Favorite Chefs

 

                                                 

 

See more Taste of School Gardens photos on our Facebook page.

Grow Some Good Dinner Series

The event is the culmination of a season of fundraising events hosted by our participating restaurants. Our Dinner Series features special events, dinners, and even specific dishes that raise funds for Grow Some Good throughout the year.  Participating restaurants showcase their favorite garden-inspired dishes at the ultimate event – Taste of School Gardens. To sign up for the Dinner Series add your name to our email list.

Taste of School Gardens on MauiNow

MauiNow  video journalist Kaiora Bohlool covered the event and shares her insights in the video clip: Kids Inspire Cuisine at Taste of School Gardens.

 

Mahalo to our many wonderful restaurant participants and sponsors, including:

 

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Taste of School Gardens Menu Announced!

Announcing the Taste of School Gardens Menu!

This week Chefs unveiled their special garden-inspired dishes for the Taste of School Gardens event on March 4th.  Feast your eyes on these mouth-watering gourmet items!

Chef Peleg Miron of Spago (at left) will serve Fresh Catch Sashimi with fragrant Thai Herbs and Green Papaya Salad.

 

Chef Zach Sato of The Restaurant at Hotel Wailea, will serve Shrimp Poisson Cru on a Rice Cracker and Slow Cooked Baby Carrots with Tempura Watercress and Lemongrass.

 

Chef Craig Dryhurst of DUO at Four Seasons Resort Maui at Wailea, will prepare Aquerello Risotto cooked in Tomato Consommé with Chives, Walnut and Beet Lace and for dessert, Orange & Vanilla Poached Carrot “eclair,” with a Grand Marnier Cloud.

 

Chefs Jaron Blosser, Cody Christopher and Travis Morrin of Three’s Bar & Grill and Fork & Salad, are serving Peas n Carrots made with roasted Oko’a farms organic carrots, pea shoots, macadamia nut pesto, wasabi peas, goat cheese, culinary garden soil and Ni’ihau Lamb and Vegetable Chili made with ground local lamb, kabocha squash, corn, keiki grown vegetables, tomato, cheddar cheese, and sourdough focaccia.

 

 

Nicol Bradley of Ono Gelato Creamery and Shack Café will share Cruncher Ruebens made with Pastrami and Swiss with Green-Apple Horseradish Slaw on a Fresh Baked Rye Kaiser Roll with House-made Mustard and 1000-Island Dressing, Rata-tat Garlic-Chive Goat Cheese with Macadamia Nut Pesto Grilled Veggies, Tomato Salad and Kale Slaw on a Fresh Baked Mustard Hoagie Roll with House-made Mustard and Meyer Lemon Aioli, and a Banana Split made with Chocolate, Vanilla and Strawberry Swirled Gelato with Sliced Bananas, topped with Strawberry, Pineapple and Chocolate Fudge Sauces, finished with Whipped Cream, Macadamia Nuts & a House-Baked Cherry Topped Coconut Macaroon.

 

Chef John Cadman,  owner of Maui Breadfuit Company and maker of Pono Pies will serve an assortment of delicious ulu (breadfruit) pies, in a variety of flavors, including chocolate, mango and lilikoi.

 

 

 

Chef Roger Stettler with Cow Pig Bun, will serve the House Burger: made with a Grilled Beef Patty, Focaccia bread, Roasted Garlic Bacon Aioli, Gruyere Cheese, Arugula, Balsamic Syrup and Brussel Sprouts, made with Fried Brussels, Sweet Soy, Pickled Carrots.

 

 

 

Chef Kevin Laut of Outrigger Pizza Company is featuring crowd-favorite Lilikoi Pork Pizza, made with a garlic aioli base, kalua pork, Maui sweet onions, sweet bell peppers, mozzarella cheese, and topped with lilikoi syrup, and Margherita Pizza, with homemade red sauce, fresh mozzarella, Romano cheese, Parmesan, Italian basil and cherry tomatoes. and White Cheddar Mushroom Pizza with a garlic aioli base, mozzarella cheese, white cheddar cheese, mushrooms, topped with truffle salt.

 

 

Wine selections are provided by Southern Glazer’s Wine & SpiritsChambers & Chambers Wine MerchantsJohnson Brothers, and Paradise Beverages. Local beers made by Maui Brewing Company.

Bon appetit!

 

Besides these wonderful treats, guests will enjoy live music from Maui’s Shea Derrick and Full Flavor, and beautiful ocean sunset views. Fun, unique dinner events will be featured in the live auction.

When:   5 p.m. – 8:30 p.m., Saturday, March 4th, 2017
Where:  Hotel Wailea, 555 Kaukahi Street, Wailea, Maui
Tickets:  $150 per person | $1,500 VIP Table of 10
(RSVP by February 25th for Table Reservations)

Visit our website for tickets.

 

 

Mahalo Nui Loa to Our Sponsors!

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